〔２０１０年３月２２日（月）： 『歴史フットパス・ウォーキング in 鎌倉』 の参加者募集中！〕
１) Yokohama lies to the south of Tokyo.(= Yokohama is south of Tokyo.)
Yokohama city hall is located (= sited) at latitude 35˚26’38’’N (thirty-five degrees, twenty-six minutes and thirty-eight seconds north) and at longitude 139˚38’18’’E (one hundred thirty nine degrees, thirty eight minutes and eighteen seconds east).
２) In Yokohama, the border lies east of Ohgijima, Tsurumi ward, west of Megurocho, Seya ward, south of Mutsuura-minami (4-chome), Kanazawa ward, and north of Utsukushigaoka-nishi, Aoba ward.
３) Yokohama is surrounded by Kawasaki to the north, Machida (West Tokyo), Yamato and Fujisawa to the west, Kamakura, Zushi and Yokosuka to the south, and Tokyo Bay to the east.
４) The area of Yokohama is 435 square kilometers occupying 18 percent of Kanagawa prefecture. (Yokohama is the capital of Kanagawa prefecture.)
５) Yokohama consists of 18 wards. (= Yokohama is made up of 18 wards.) The largest area of Yokohama is Totsuka ward with 35.7 square kilometers while the smallest is Nishi ward with 7.0 square kilometers.
６) Yokohama has a population of 3,650,000. (=Yokohama has 3,650,000 population.)
７) Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan after Tokyo.
→ Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan after Tokyo with a population of 3,650,000.
８) More than 150 years ago, Yokohama was a small fishing village.
９) In June, 1853, four “Black Ships” suddenly appeared offshore from Uraga. Commodore Mathew Perry led the ships demanding to open the door to the Americans and handing in an official letter from President Millard Fillmore. The next year (in 1854), the Tokugawa government signed the US-Japan Peace and Amity Treaty (= Kanagawa Treaty) with Perry. Eventually, Japan opened the two ports of Shimoda and Hakodate, giving up the policy of national seclusion maintained for more than 200 years. Subsequently in 1858, the Tokugawa government signed the US-Japan Amity and Trade Treaty to open the port of Yokohama. The history of Yokohama began here.
10) In 1872, the railway ran between Shimbashi and Yokohama, the current Sakuragicho station. Then, the 2nd Yokohama station was constructed at Takashimacho to change from steam locomotives to electric trains in 1915 (when the 1st Yokohama station was re-named as Sakuragicho). After Great Kanto Earthquake occurring in 1923, Yokohama station was newly built again at the current place. Therefore, the present Yokohama station is the 3rd generation.
11) At 11:58 on September 1, 1923, Great Kanto Earthquake struck Yokohama and destroyed the modern city. Within several years after the natural disaster, Yamashita Park was built with the debris of the collapsed buildings where Big Exhibition for Reconstruction was successfully held in 1935.
12) On May 29, 1945, Yokohama was air-raided by the US B-29s. The carpet bombing burned down 48.5 percent of the houses in the city. After the war ended, the US Army occupied Japan. 62 percent of the occupied land belonged to Yokohama and 61 percent of the occupied houses belonged to Yokohama as well. Yokohama once again rose like a phoenix from the ashes.
13) Yokohama has recently demonstrated its development by building the Baybridge for the highway system to Tokyo and beyond, becoming the co-host of FIFA World Cup in 2002, and celebrating the 150th anniversary of opening the port in 2009. Yokohama keeps playing an important role as the largest sea port and the second largest city in Japan.
● 古街道研究家 道の考古学者 歴史ルポライター
● 歴史古街道団長 歴史古道まちづくりプランナー 歴史計画コンサルタント
● １４講座レギュラー講師 日本フットパス協会理事 １９５９年東京出身