エコ住宅リサイクルバンク

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歴史フットパス国際人&ガイド養成講座 〔第五回〕

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『日本初!歴史ウォーキングと英会話教室が合体!』
〔2010年3月22日(月): 『歴史フットパス・ウォーキング in 鎌倉』 の参加者募集中!〕

日本&横浜の歴史と文化の魅力を英語で伝えよう
健康づくりウォーク&歴史探索&英語学習が一緒にできる画期的なシステム!

◎ 充実の英会話講師:土井道子先生(通訳案内士、イーオン元講師)
● 3月10日:
  講座資料

PART 1
 Ⅰ. How People Eat
  1. How do people in the world eat?
    Some people eat with their hands, some with chopsticks, and others using
    cutlery.

  2. What are the percentage rates of the people using the three different ways?
    Hand-using people are 40%, chopstick users 30%, and cutlery users 30%.

 Ⅱ. Chopsticks
  1. When and where did chopsticks originate?
    They originated in ancient China about 4,000 years ago, and became
    commonly used around 2,000 years ago.

  2. In what countries are chopsticks commonly used?
    The countries where they have traditionally been used are China, Korea,
    Japan and Vietnam. Among these countries, Japan is the only country
    where only chopsticks are used as the primary eating utensils. In the other
    countries they are used along with the spoon.

  3. When were chopsticks introduced to Japan?
   In the 7th century, or possibly 5th or 6th century together with Buddhism
   and other Chinese cultures. They became commonly used among ordinary
   people by the late 8th century.

 Ⅲ. Cutlery
  1. When and where did the fork begin to be used as an eating utensil?
   The table fork originated in Italy in the 11th century and became popular with
   merchants and upper-class people by the end of the 16th century. It made its
   way to other countries in Europe in the late 16th and 17th centuries.

  2. How did people eat before the fork was introduced?
   They mainly ate with their hands, sometimes using a spoon when necessary.
   The only utensil set on the table was a single knife to carve meat with.

  3. When did the knife, fork and spoon become commonly used as a set of
    eating utensils?
    In the 19th century.

  4. How did the fork develop to the present form?
   Originally it was straight and usually had two tines.
   The curved fork was developed in Germany in the mid 18th century. The
   standard four-tine design became prevalent in the early 19th century.
   The 20th century saw the emergence of the “spork”, a utensil that is half-
   fork and half-spoon.

PART 2 Chopsticks and the Japanese
 Ⅰ Japanese people have used chopsticks roughly 1,000 years longer than
   Westerners have used knives and forks. No wonder the Japanese are so
  attached to or even obsessed with chopsticks. There is even a saying “The life
  of a Japanese begins and ends with chopsticks.”

  1. 箸初め the first-use-of –chopsticks ceremony
   When the baby is 100 days old, the parents hold for their baby a ceremony
   called箸初め to hope and pray that their child will grow up well and never
   have difficulty getting food throughout life.

  2. Chopsticks of your own
   Most people have their own pair of chopsticks to use at home, and it is not
   common to use those which have been used by other people, even their own
   family. 

  3. Chopsticks connecting people with gods
   Since ancient times, people in Japan have thought of chopsticks as one of
   ways to be linked with the gods, and they are considered sacred. To this day,
   they are placed alongside offerings to the deities.

4. 箸供養 a memorial service for chopsticks
   Some shrines hold special rites for used chopsticks called 箸供養. It is
   believed that the soul of the person who has used the chopsticks remains in
   them. So instead of being thrown out, they are cremated with respect and
   appreciation.


 
―全国の歴史古道を探索・研究し、まちづくりに活かす―
 “歴史古街道団”と提携。団長で歴史古街道研究家の宮田太郎氏がコーディネートする
  実践的英会話教室誕生!

宮田太郎プロフィール 
   ● 古街道研究家 道の考古学者 歴史ルポライター   
   ● 歴史古街道団長 歴史古道まちづくりプランナー 歴史計画コンサルタント
   ● 朝日カルチャーセンター東京・横浜・湘南、NHK学園、クラブツーリズムほか
   ● 14講座レギュラー講師 日本フットパス協会理事 1959年東京出身

【主催・お問い合わせ】:歴史フットパス英語ガイドの会 (NPO法人横濱楽座)
                TEL:050-5536-6872/FAX:045-621-1329
                 E-mail:
info@yokoraku.org
【共催・お問い合わせ】:NPO法人エコ住宅リサイクルバンク
                   TEL:050-5526-1463/http://ejrb-y.jp/contact.php

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作成者: ejrb

エコ住宅リサイクルバンクは、伝統的な技術をもとに時代に即した、古民家再生や良好な住宅ストックへの取り組み、和に住まう創エネ・省エネ・蓄エネ時代への新しいエコライフスタイルを提案します。

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